The response to atorvastatin calcium in 64 patients with isolated hypertriglyceridemia ( Fredrickson Type IV) treated across several clinical trials is shown in the table below (Table 9). For the atorvastatin calcium -treated patients, median (min, max) baseline TG level was 565 (267 to 1502). TABLE 9. Combined Patients With Isolated Elevated TG: Median (min, max) Percentage Change From Baseline
|Placebo (N=12)||Atorvastatin 10 mg (N=37)||Atorvastatin 20 mg (N=13)||Atorvastatin 80 mg (N=14)|
|Triglycerides||-12.4 (-36.6, 82.7)||-41.0 (-76.2, 49.4)||-38.7 (-62.7, 29.5)||-51.8 (-82.8, 41.3)|
|Total-C||-2.3 (-15.5, 24.4)||-28.2 (-44.9, -6.8)||-34.9 (-49.6, -15.2)||-44.4 (-63.5, -3.8)|
|LDL-C||3.6 (-31.3, 31.6)||-26.5 (-57.7, 9.8)||-30.4 (-53.9, 0.3)||-40.5 (-60.6, -13.8)|
|HDL-C||3.8 (-18.6, 13.4)||13.8 (-9.7, 61.5)||11.0 (-3.2, 25.2)||7.5 (-10.8, 37.2)|
|VLDL-C||-1.0 (-31.9, 53.2)||-48.8 (-85.8, 57.3)||-44.6 (-62.2, -10.8)||-62.0 (-88.2, 37.6)|
|non-HDL-C||-2.8 (-17.6, 30.0)||-33.0 (-52.1, -13.3)||-42.7 (-53.7, -17.4)||-51.5 (-72.9, -4.3)|
The results of an open-label crossover study of 16 patients (genotypes: 14 apo E2/E2 and 2 apo E3/E2) with dysbetalipoproteinemia ( Fredrickson Type III) are shown in the table below (Table 10). TABLE 10. Open-Label Crossover Study of 16 Patients With Dysbetalipoproteinemia ( Fredrickson Type III)
|Median % Change (min, max)|
|Median (min, max) at Baseline (mg/dL)||Atorvastatin 10mg||Atorvastatin 80mg|
|Total-C||442 (225,1320)||-37 (-85,17)||-58 (-90,-31)|
|Triglycerides||678 (273,5990)||-39 (-92,-8)||-53 (-95,-30)|
|IDL-C + VLDL-C||215 (111,613)||-32 (-76,9)||-63 (-90,-8)|
|non-HDL-C||411 (218,1272)||-43 (-87,-19)||-64 (-92,-36)|
In a study without a concurrent control group, 29 patients ages 6 years to 37 years with HoFH received maximum daily doses of 20 to 80 mg of atorvastatin calcium. The mean LDL-C reduction in this study was 18%. Twenty-five patients with a reduction in LDL-C had a mean response of 20% (range of 7% to 53%, median of 24%); the remaining 4 patients had 7% to 24% increases in LDL-C. Five of the 29 patients had absent LDL-receptor function. Of these, 2 patients also had a portacaval shunt and had no significant reduction in LDL-C. The remaining 3 receptor-negative patients had a mean LDL-C reduction of 22%.
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study followed by an open-label phase, 187 boys and post-menarchal girls 10 years to 17 years of age (mean age 14.1 years) with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) or severe hypercholesterolemia, were randomized to atorvastatin calcium (n=140) or placebo (n=47) for 26 weeks and then all received atorvastatin calcium for 26 weeks. Inclusion in the study required 1) a baseline LDL-C level ≥190 mg/dL or 2) a baseline LDL-C level ≥160 mg/dL and positive family history of FH or documented premature cardiovascular disease in a first or second-degree relative. The mean baseline LDL-C value was 218.6 mg/dL (range: 138.5–385.0 mg/dL) in the atorvastatin calcium group compared to 230.0 mg/dL (range: 160.0–324.5 mg/dL) in the placebo group. The dosage of atorvastatin calcium (once daily) was 10 mg for the first 4 weeks and up titrated to 20 mg if the LDL-C level was > 130 mg/dL. The number of atorvastatin calcium -treated patients who required up titration to 20 mg after Week 4 during the double-blind phase was 78 (55.7%). Atorvastatin calcium significantly decreased plasma levels of total-C, LDL-C, triglycerides, and apolipoprotein B during the 26-week double-blind phase (see Table 11).
TABLE 11. Lipid-altering Effects of Atorvastatin Calcium in Adolescent Boys and Girls with Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia or Severe Hypercholesterolemia (Mean Percentage Change From Baseline at Endpoint in Intention-to-Treat Population)
The mean achieved LDL-C value was 130.7 mg/dL (range: 70.0 to 242.0 mg/dL) in the atorvastatin calcium group compared to 228.5 mg/dL (range: 152.0 to 385.0 mg/dL) in the placebo group during the 26-week double-blind phase.
The long-term efficacy of atorvastatin therapy in childhood to reduce morbidity and mortality in adulthood has not been established.
Additional pediatric use information is approved for Pfizer’s LIPITOR (atorvastatin calcium) tablets. However, due to Pfizer’s marketing exclusivity rights, this drug product is not labeled with that pediatric information.
20 mg tablets (20 mg of atorvastatin): coded “MA” on one side and “2″ on other side.
NDC 72789-084-30 bottles of 30
Store at controlled room temperature 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF) [see USP].
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).
Patients taking atorvastatin calcium should be advised that cholesterol is a chronic condition and they should adhere to their medication along with their National Cholesterol Education Program(NCEP)-recommended diet, a regular exercise program as appropriate, and periodic testing of a fasting lipid panel to determine goal attainment.
Patients should be advised about substances they should not take concomitantly with atorvastatin [ see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Patients should also be advised to inform other healthcare professionals prescribing a new medication that they are taking atorvastatin
All patients starting therapy with atorvastatin calcium should be advised of the risk of myopathy and told to report promptly any unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness particularly if accompanied by malaise or fever or if these muscle signs or symptoms persist after discontinuing atorvastatin calcium. The risk of this occurring is increased when taking certain types of medication or consuming larger quantities (>1 liter) of grapefruit juice. They should discuss all medication, both prescription and over the counter, with their healthcare professional.
It is recommended that liver enzyme tests be performed before the initiation of atorvastatin calcium and if signs or symptoms of liver injury occur. All patients treated with atorvastatin calcium should be advised to report promptly any symptoms that may indicate liver injury, including fatigue, anorexia, right upper abdominal discomfort, dark urine, or jaundice.
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