Prescription Drug Information: DOCETAXEL (Page 5 of 17)

Hematologic reactions

Reversible marrow suppression was the major dose-limiting toxicity of docetaxel [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]. The median time to nadir was 7 days, while the median duration of severe neutropenia (<500 cells/mm 3) was 7 days. Among 2045 patients with solid tumors and normal baseline LFTs, severe neutropenia occurred in 75.4% and lasted for more than 7 days in 2.9% of cycles.

Febrile neutropenia (<500 cells/mm 3 with fever >38°C with intravenous antibiotics and/or hospitalization) occurred in 11% of patients with solid tumors, in 12.3% of patients with metastatic breast cancer, and in 9.8% of 92 breast cancer patients premedicated with 3-day corticosteroids.

Severe infectious episodes occurred in 6.1% of patients with solid tumors, in 6.4% of patients with metastatic breast cancer, and in 5.4% of 92 breast cancer patients premedicated with 3-day corticosteroids. Thrombocytopenia (<100,000 cells/mm3) associated with fatal gastrointestinal hemorrhage has been reported.

Hypersensitivity reactions

Severe hypersensitivity reactions have been reported [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.5)] . Minor events, including flushing, rash with or without pruritus, chest tightness, back pain, dyspnea, drug fever, or chills, have been reported and resolved after discontinuing the infusion and instituting appropriate therapy.

Fluid retention

Fluid retention can occur with the use of docetaxel [see Boxed Warning, Dosage and Administration (2.6), Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

Cutaneous reactions

Severe skin toxicity is discussed elsewhere in the label [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]. Reversible cutaneous reactions characterized by a rash including localized eruptions, mainly on the feet and/or hands, but also on the arms, face, or thorax, usually associated with pruritus, have been observed. Eruptions generally occurred within 1 week after docetaxel infusion, recovered before the next infusion, and were not disabling.

Severe nail disorders were characterized by hypo or hyperpigmentation, and occasionally by onycholysis (in 0.8% of patients with solid tumors) and pain.

Neurologic reactions

Neurologic reactions are discussed elsewhere in the label [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9) ].

Gastrointestinal reactions

Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea were generally mild to moderate. Severe reactions occurred in 3%-5% of patients with solid tumors and to a similar extent among metastatic breast cancer patients. The incidence of severe reactions was 1% or less for the 92 breast cancer patients premedicated with 3-day corticosteroids.

Severe stomatitis occurred in 5.5% of patients with solid tumors, in 7.4% of patients with metastatic breast cancer, and in 1.1% of the 92 breast cancer patients premedicated with 3-day corticosteroids.

Cardiovascular reactions

Hypotension occurred in 2.8% of patients with solid tumors; 1.2% required treatment. Clinically meaningful events such as heart failure, sinus tachycardia, atrial flutter, dysrhythmia, unstable angina, pulmonary edema, and hypertension have occurred. Seven of 86 (8.1%) of metastatic breast cancer patients receiving docetaxel 100 mg/m 2 in a randomized trial and who had serial left ventricular ejection fractions assessed developed deterioration of LVEF by ≥10% associated with a drop below the institutional lower limit of normal.

Infusion site reactions

Infusion site reactions were generally mild and consisted of hyperpigmentation, inflammation, redness or dryness of the skin, phlebitis, extravasation, or swelling of the vein.

Hepatic reactions

In patients with normal LFTs at baseline, bilirubin values greater than the ULN occurred in 8.9% of patients. Increases in AST or ALT >1.5 times the ULN, or alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN, were observed in 18.9% and 7.3% of patients, respectively. While on docetaxel, increases in AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concomitant with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN occurred in 4.3% of patients with normal LFTs at baseline. Whether these changes were related to the drug or underlying disease has not been established.

Hematologic and other toxicity: Relation to dose and baseline liver chemistry abnormalities

Hematologic and other toxicity is increased at higher doses and in patients with elevated baseline liver function tests (LFTs). In the following tables, adverse drug reactions are compared for three populations: 730 patients with normal LFTs given docetaxel at 100 mg/m 2 in the randomized and single arm studies of metastatic breast cancer after failure of previous chemotherapy; 18 patients in these studies who had abnormal baseline LFTs (defined as AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concurrent with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN); and 174 patients in Japanese studies given docetaxel at 60 mg/m 2 who had normal LFTs (see Tables 4 and 5).

Table 4: Hematologic Adverse Reactions in Breast Cancer Patients Previously Treated with Chemotherapy Treated at Docetaxel 100 mg/m 2 with Normal or Elevated Liver Function Tests or 60 mg/m 2 with Normal Liver Function Tests
Docetaxel 100 mg/m 2 Docetaxel 60 mg/m 2
Normal LFTs * Elevated LFTs Normal LFTs *
Adverse Reaction n=730 n=18 n=174
% % %
*
Normal Baseline LFTs: Transaminases ≤1.5 times ULN or alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 times ULN or isolated elevations of transaminases or alkaline phosphatase up to 5 times ULN
Elevated Baseline LFTs: AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concurrent with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN
Incidence of infection requiring hospitalization and/or intravenous antibiotics was 8.5% (n=62) among the 730 patients with normal LFTs at baseline; 7 patients had concurrent grade 3 neutropenia, and 46 patients had grade 4 neutropenia.
§
Febrile Neutropenia: For 100 mg/m 2, ANC grade 4 and fever >38°C with intravenous antibiotics and/or hospitalization; for 60 mg/m 2, ANC grade 3/4 and fever >38.1°C
Neutropenia
Any <2000 cells/mm 3 98 100 95
Grade 4 <500 cells/mm 3 84 94 75
Thrombocytopenia
Any <100,000 cells/mm 3 11 44 14
Grade 4 <20,000 cells/mm 3 1 17 1
Anemia <11 g/dL 95 94 65
Infection
Any 23 39 1
Grade 3 and 4 7 33 0
Febrile Neutropenia §
By Patient 12 33 0
By Course 2 9 0
Septic Death 2 6 1
Non-Septic Death 1 11 0
Table 5: Non-hematologic Adverse Reactions in Breast Cancer Patients Previously Treated with Chemotherapy Treated at Docetaxel 100 mg/m 2 with Normal or Elevated Liver Function Tests or 60 mg/m 2 with Normal Liver Function Tests
Docetaxel 100 mg/m 2 Docetaxel 60 mg/m 2
Normal LFTs * Elevated LFTs Normal LFTs *
Adverse Reaction n=730 n=18 n=174
% % %
NA = not available
*
Normal Baseline LFTs: Transaminases ≤1.5 times ULN or alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 times ULN or isolated elevations of transaminases or alkaline phosphatase up to 5 times ULN
Elevated Baseline Liver Function: AST and/or ALT >1.5 times ULN concurrent with alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN
Fluid Retention includes (by COSTART): edema (peripheral, localized, generalized, lymphedema, pulmonary edema, and edema otherwise not specified) and effusion (pleural, pericardial, and ascites); no premedication given with the 60 mg/m 2 dose
Acute Hypersensitivity Reaction Regardless of Premedication
Any 13 6 1
Severe 1 0 0
Fluid Retention Regardless of Premedication
Any 56 61 13
Severe 8 17 0
Neurosensory
Any 57 50 20
Severe 6 0 0
Myalgia 23 33 3
Cutaneous
Any 45 61 31
Severe 5 17 0
Asthenia
Any 65 44 66
Severe 17 22 0
Diarrhea
Any 42 28 NA
Severe 6 11
Stomatitis
Any 53 67 19
Severe 8 39 1

In the three-arm monotherapy trial, TAX313, which compared docetaxel 60 mg/m 2 , 75 mg/m 2 and 100 mg/m 2 in advanced breast cancer, grade 3/4 or severe adverse reactions occurred in 49.0% of patients treated with docetaxel 60 mg/m 2 compared to 55.3% and 65.9% treated with 75 mg/m 2 and 100 mg/m 2 respectively. Discontinuation due to adverse reactions was reported in 5.3% of patients treated with 60 mg/m 2 versus 6.9% and 16.5% for patients treated at 75 and 100 mg/m 2 , respectively. Deaths within 30 days of last treatment occurred in 4.0% of patients treated with 60 mg/m 2 compared to 5.3% and 1.6% for patients treated at 75 mg/m 2 and 100 mg/m 2 , respectively.

The following adverse reactions were associated with increasing docetaxel doses: fluid retention (26%, 38%, and 46% at 60 mg/m 2 , 75 mg/m 2 , and 100 mg/m 2 respectively), thrombocytopenia (7%, 11% and 12%, respectively), neutropenia (92%, 94%, and 97% respectively), febrile neutropenia (5%, 7%, and 14%, respectively), treatment-related grade 3/4 infection (2%, 3%, and 7%, respectively) and anemia (87%, 94%, and 97%, respectively).

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